On 19 February 1942 the Japanese attacked Darwin in Australia's Northern Territory. Eight ships in the harbour were sunk and at least 250 people were killed. Following the Japanese capture of the British base of Singapore four days earlier and the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, the previous December, anxiety about Japan's advances in the Pacific heightened. New Zealanders feared that they might be the next target.
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Australian War Memorial
Photograph by J. Morlet
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