The Treaty House formerly belonged to British Resident James Busby (a representative of the British government). It is on the Treaty Grounds at Waitangi. A number of events of significance to kotahitanga movements took place at Waitangi. In 1834 Busby organised a meeting of Māori chiefs to select a national flag. In 1835 he organised a further meeting at which the New Zealand Declaration of Independence (He Whakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga o Nu Tirene) was signed by a number of northern chiefs. Then, in 1840, the Treaty of Waitangi was signed here on 6 February.
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