Story: Te rāngai mahi – Māori in the workforce

Flax mill, Whakakī

Flax mill, Whakakī

Horses stand ready to pull sledges of flax at the flax mill in Whakakī, Hawke's Bay, in 1889. From around 1820 through to the early 1900s Māori were involved in the flax industry. Over this period it changed from an industry controlled by iwi to one where Māori worked on contract as labourers.

Using this item

Alexander Turnbull Library, E. R. Williams Collection
Reference: PAColl-7785-01
Photograph by William Williams

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

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How to cite this page:

Basil Keane, 'Te rāngai mahi – Māori in the workforce - European contact', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 12 August 2022)

Story by Basil Keane, published 11 Mar 2010