Story: Customs and tariffs

Robert Muldoon signs CER

Robert Muldoon signs CER

Prime Minister Robert Muldoon signs the Closer Economic Relations (CER) agreement in December 1983, watched by Australian High Commissioner James Webster (standing), Australian Deputy Prime Minister Doug Anthony (on the screen) and Minister of Trade and Industry Hugh Templeton (seated, left). CER replaced the earlier New Zealand Australia Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). It represented a new effort by New Zealand to reduce or eliminate tariffs with other countries, and to find markets to replace Britain, which had joined the EEC.

Using this item

Alexander Turnbull Library, Dominion Post Collection (PAColl-7327)
Reference: EP/1982/4383/11
Photograph by Ross Giblin

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

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How to cite this page:

Tony Simpson, 'Customs and tariffs - Tariffs and the GATT', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 18 August 2022)

Story by Tony Simpson, published 11 Mar 2010