Story: Liverworts and hornworts

Thalloid liverwort reproductive structures

Thalloid liverwort reproductive structures

Female (above) and male (below) reproductive structures develop on separate plants and resemble little umbrellas. Female structures (archegoniophores) are identified by their hanging spokes, while male structures (antheridiophores) have a flattened surface. For fertilisation to occur, the male and female structures need to be close together so that the sperm cells can swim in a film of water to the egg cells.

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How to cite this page:

Maggy Wassilieff, 'Liverworts and hornworts - Liverworts', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 25 April 2024)

Story by Maggy Wassilieff, published 24 Sep 2007