Story: Waiata tawhito - traditional Māori songs

'E pā tō hau'

'E tō hau', a very famous waiata tangi, or lament, was probably written by Rangiamoa of Ngāti Apakura, one of the tribes of Waikato. Ngāti Apakura used to live at Rangiaowhia, an undefended settlement near Te Awamutu. The tribe did not take part in the Waikato war, but Rangiaowhia was attacked by British troops, and after the 1864 battle of Ōrākau its occupants were forced from their homes. Later their lands were confiscated. A section of Ngāti Apakura travelled towards Taupō. Rangiamoa's cousin Te Wano paused to gaze upon his former home from the promontory of Titiraupenga. He died there and was buried in a cave. In lamenting the death of her cousin, Rangiamoa was mourning the fate of all her people. Listen to 'E pā tō hau' .

Using this item

Private collection
Photograph by Emily Tutaki

This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder.

Sound file from Ngā Taonga Sound and Vision – Radio New Zealand collection. Any re-use of this audio is a breach of copyright. To request a copy of the recording, contact Ngā Taonga Sound and Vision (Governor-General Sir Bernand Fergusson's Farewell/Reference number ID 40710)

All images & media in this story

How to cite this page:

Rawinia Higgins and Arini Loader, 'Waiata tawhito - traditional Māori songs - Traditions of waiata', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/music/44160/e-pa-to-hau (accessed 28 February 2020)

Story by Rawinia Higgins and Arini Loader, published 22 Oct 2014