The alienation of Māori land had chronic effects on Māori population health. In any given region land loss was followed by a significant increase in child mortality rates that took decades to reverse. The life expectation of a newborn Māori girl in the 1880s was in the low 20s; that of a Pākehā girl was in the mid-50s. This map shows the gradual alienation of Māori land in the North Island.
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Source: Claudia Orange, Illustrated history of the Treaty of Waitangi. Wellington: Bridget Williams Books, 2001, pp. 318–319