An unknown Ngāpuhi chief addresses a crowd of warriors in the Bay of Islands on their way to attack enemies in the Coromandel in 1838, in this painting by Augustus Earle. Some of the warriors carry muskets, the preferred item of trade with Europeans. While many Māori were killed by muskets, far more died from introduced diseases.
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Alexander Turnbull Library
Lithograph by Augustus Earle
Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.
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