Story: Poles

The partition of Poland

The partition of Poland

From 1795 until after the First World War, Poland did not exist as an independent nation. Between 1772 and 1795, it had been steadily divided up by Prussia and the Russian and Austro-Hungarian empires. The partition of Poland makes it difficult to determine how many Poles came to New Zealand in the 19th century, because some would have been recorded as Germans, Russians or Austro-Hungarians.

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How to cite this page:

Theresa Sawicka, 'Poles - The first arrivals', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 10 December 2023)

Story by Theresa Sawicka, published 8 Feb 2005, updated 1 Mar 2015