Click on the key at the top of the graph for a close-up view of the period 1840–1901; click on the key again to restore the full graph.
This graph shows the dramatic changes in the Māori population after the arrival of Europeans. The sharp decline in numbers in the 19th century made it much more difficult for Māori to continue asserting their rights under the Treaty of Waitangi. This led to further grievances that the treaty settlement process was later required to address.
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Source: Ian Pool, Te iwi Māori: a New Zealand population, past, present and projected. Auckland: Auckland University Press, 1991; Statistics New Zealand