Click on the key at the top of the graph for a close-up view of the period 1840–1901; click on the key again to restore the full graph.
The introduction of European diseases such as influenza had a devastating impact on the Māori population in the 19th century. As the graph shows, the number of Māori almost halved between 1841 and 1896 but began to recover after this time and by 2013 it stood at just under 600,000. The big increases after 1981 were partly due to natural increase, but also due to more people identifying as Māori.
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Source: Ian Pool, Te iwi Māori: a New Zealand population, past, present and projected. Auckland: Auckland University Press, 1991; Statistics New Zealand