Story: Referendums

Results of the 1993 constitutional referendum

Results of the 1993 constitutional referendum

These graphs show the results of the 1993 binding referendum on voting systems, in which a majority supported a change to the mixed-member proportional (MMP) system. The result was close, with 53.9% of valid votes supporting a change to MMP and 46.1% wanting to retain first-past- the-post (FPP). The second graph shows that support for MMP was higher in the North Island and among voters on the Māori roll.

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Sources: Electoral Commission; Neill Atkinson, Adventures in democracy: a history of the vote in New Zealand. Dunedin: University of Otago Press in association with the Electoral Commission, 2003

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How to cite this page:

Nigel Roberts, 'Referendums - Constitutional referendums', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/graph/36960/results-of-the-1993-constitutional-referendum (accessed 4 August 2020)

Story by Nigel Roberts, published 20 Jun 2012, reviewed & revised 30 Aug 2016