Story: Population change

Māori dependency ratios, 1896–2013

Dependency is the notional support burden placed on the working-age population by younger (0–14) and older (65+) age groups. Declines in Māori child mortality and consistently high fertility rates from the 19th century to the later 20th century resulted in a large Māori child population over this period. Children made up 50% of the total Māori population in the 1960s, which meant youth dependency ratios were high. Though the birth rate declined from the 1960s, the Māori child population continued to grow, so the youth dependency ratio remained high. The number of older Māori people remains proportionally small in the 21st century, so this dependency ratio is low. However, the older Māori population is projected to grow.

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How to cite this page:

Ian Pool and Natalie Jackson, 'Population change - Māori population change', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 19 July 2024)

Story by Ian Pool and Natalie Jackson, published 5 May 2011, reviewed & revised 23 Aug 2018 with assistance from Natalie Jackson