The rūnanga system, devised by Governor George Grey, was an attempt to give Māori a form of local government comparable to the provinces. Each was to have paid native magistrates, though they would be led by European commissioners. The model shown here was based on a report on the structure proposed for the Bay of Islands – it varied elsewhere, although everywhere it fell victim to the outbreak of conflict between the Crown and Māori in 1863.
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Source: Lindsay Cox, Kotahitanga: The search for Maori political unity. Auckland: Oxford University Press, 1993