Story: Alpine plants

New Zealand bioclimatic zones (1st of 2)

New Zealand bioclimatic zones

Bioclimatic zones are broad zones of vegetation that correspond to mean annual temperatures at different latitudes and altitudes. This diagram shows five bioclimatic zones in the New Zealand region. Warm-temperate vegetation grows at low altitudes in the north. Cool-temperate vegetation is only found on mountain tops in northern New Zealand, but extends to low altitudes in the southern South Island and Stewart Island. Subalpine and alpine vegetation grows on the highest mountains and ranges of the North Island and extends to low altitudes on the subantarctic islands (at latitudes 50°–54°30′ south). The nival zone (where snow lies year round) occurs at altitudes above 2,000 metres in much of the Southern Alps (at 43°–44° 30′ south).

Using this item

Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand

This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder.

All images & media in this story

How to cite this page:

Hugh Wilson, 'Alpine plants - Alpine New Zealand', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 26 June 2024)

Story by Hugh Wilson, published 24 Sep 2007