Story: Biculturalism

John Rutherford, Pākehā–Māori

John Rutherford, Pākehā–Māori

John Rutherford was an Englishman who arrived in New Zealand about 1816 aboard a whaling ship. Some of his crew were killed by Māori, but Rutherford was adopted by the tribe and fully tattooed. He learned to speak Māori and was made a chief. Pākehā–Māori like Rutherford were among the first bicultural New Zealanders.

About this item

Alexander Turnbull Library
Reference: PUBL-0099-299

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

All images & media in this story

How to cite this page:

Janine Hayward, 'Biculturalism - From bicultural to monocultural, and back', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/artwork/32138/john-rutherford-pakeha-maori (accessed 22 November 2017)

Story by Janine Hayward, published 20 Jun 2012