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Browse the 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand
Graphic: An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966.


This information was published in 1966 in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock. It has not been corrected and will not be updated.

Up-to-date information can be found elsewhere in Te Ara.




In the educational field, apart from Maori schools and schools in the missionary dioceses of Melanesia and Polynesia, there are 30 colleges and schools associated in varying degrees with and under the general control of the Church. These are secondary, and primary schools for boys and/or girls, in many cases with boarding facilities. The total roll numbers of these schools at the end of 1963 was 7,186. Because few of these schools have endowments, it is a constant problem to maintain their financial stability. As the main source of income is from fees, this often presents problems for parents who desire their children to attend Church schools. Sunday schools, with about 5,290 teachers, provide religious education for 66,000 children and there are 17,100 secondary school children with 970 leaders attending Bible classes.

The largest movement among women is the Mothers' Union, which has about 14,700 members in 429 branches. A development in recent years has been the establishment of Young Wives' Groups. Many parishes have men's groups of various descriptions, including the Church of England Men's Society.

According to Government statistics (1961) there are 835,434 people in New Zealand who claim allegiance to the Church of England. This represents 34.6 per cent of the population. The denominational paper is Church and People, published monthly.

by Laurie Henry Wilson, formerly Secretary and Treasurer of the Church of England in the Province of New Zealand, Christchurch.

  • Proceedings of General Synod (1934)
  • History of the Church Missionary Society (4 vols.), Stock, E. (1899–1916)
  • A History of the Church of England in New Zealand, Purchas, H. T. (1914)
  • The History of the Melanesian Mission, Armstrong, E. S. (1900).