The marae was traditionally both the geographical and spiritual heart of a Māori community, and local custom determined the protocols observed on each marae. As Māori became urbanised and their communities more dispersed, marae adapted to new social circumstances. This plan shows a proposed marae in the Australian city of Melbourne, which in the 2000s had a large expatriate Māori population. The host people for this marae are likely to come from different tribes, each with slightly different protocols governing their home marae. They will therefore need to develop a protocol appropriate to this non-traditional and multi-tribal marae.
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