Story: Irish

Orange Lodges, Charleston

Orange Lodges, Charleston

In the early years of European settlement, two-fifths of New Zealand's Irish were Protestant (as compared to one-fifth in Ireland). This group were mostly loyal to England. They were often hostile to their Catholic countrymen, and formed organisations known as Orange Lodges. These were named after Protestant King William of Orange, who defeated the Catholic King James II in 1690. In this photograph, loyalist Orange Lodges gather in Charleston on the West Coast in 1868. They may be celebrating the escape of Prince Alfred, of the British royal family, from an assassination attempt by an Irish radical Fenian in Australia.

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Alexander Turnbull Library, Denniston Miners Collection
Reference: 1/2-048992; F

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

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How to cite this page:

Jock Phillips, 'Irish - Culture and politics before 1911', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 14 July 2024)

Story by Jock Phillips, published 8 Feb 2005, updated 1 Mar 2015