Story: Gulls, terns and skuas

Ground-nesting birds

Ground-nesting birds

Black-fronted terns and black-billed gulls are among the birds which breed at braided shingle river beds, typical in Canterbury and Otago. Their nests and eggs are on open ground, and vulnerable to disturbance by vehicles and animals. Hydroelectric schemes and introduced weeds have modified some of this habitat.

Using this item

Department of Conservation
Reference: 10051850
Photograph by Poma Palmer

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How to cite this page:

Gerard Hutching, 'Gulls, terns and skuas - Black-fronted terns', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 28 October 2021)

Story by Gerard Hutching, published 12 Jun 2006, reviewed & revised 17 Feb 2015