Story: Law of the foreshore and seabed

Catching fish at Pārengarenga, 1907

Catching fish at Pārengarenga, 1907

The Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 recognises customary marine title exercised by Māori in common marine and coastal areas. This title is derived from common law recognition of indigenous property rights. Whānau, hapū and iwi must apply to the courts or negotiate directly with the Crown for legal recognition of this title. Applicants have to demonstrate continuous use and occupation of an area since 1840 – the kind of activity recorded in this 1907 photo, taken at Pārengarenga, Northland. 

Using this item

Christchurch City Libraries
Reference: CCL PhotoCD 8, IMG 0053

This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder.

All images & media in this story

How to cite this page:

Mark Hickford, 'Law of the foreshore and seabed - Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/photograph/46444/catching-fish-at-parengarenga-1907 (accessed 18 April 2019)

Story by Mark Hickford, published 12 Jun 2006, updated 1 Jan 2015