Story: Estuaries

Māori encampment, Helensville

Māori encampment, Helensville

Taken in 1863, this photograph shows a small Māori village at Helensville at the southern end of Kaipara Harbour. The harbour – the largest estuary in the southern hemisphere – was at that time a treasure trove of food in the form of fish, shellfish, birds and rats. Harakeke (flax), used for weaving, grew in abundance alongside the streams and rivers draining into the harbour. The European house (background at left) is ‘Helen’s villa’, the home of pioneer settler John McLeod.

Using this item

Alexander Turnbull Library, D. M. Beere Collection
Reference: 1/2-096081;G

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

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How to cite this page:

Maggy Wassilieff, 'Estuaries - Where fresh water meets the sea', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 14 June 2024)

Story by Maggy Wassilieff, published 12 Jun 2006