By the 1970s, a rising generation of urban Māori provided the leadership of protest groups such as Ngā Tamatoa, which originated in Auckland. Ngā Tamatoa lobbied for the teaching of Māori language and culture in schools, and was at the forefront of calls for the government to honour the Treaty of Waitangi. These members of Ngā Tamatoa settled in for a three-week protest in the grounds of Parliament in November 1972. They are (from back left) Toro Waaka (Ngāti Kahungunu), John Ohia (Ngāi Te Rangi, Ngāti Pūkenga), Paul Kotara (Ngāi Tahu), Tame Iti (Ngāi Tuhoe), and (from front left) Orewa Barrett-Ohia (Ngāti Maniapoto), Rawiri Paratene (Ngāpuhi) and Tiata Witehira (Ngāpuhi).
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