The Court Martial of New Zealand administers justice and discipline to members of the armed forces (the navy, army and air force) and, in some cases, closely associated civilians. In the military justice system, an accused person can be tried for service offences such as absence without leave, mutiny, disobedience of orders, cowardly behaviour, insubordination and negligence, as well as all other offences against New Zealand law. Less serious offences can be dealt with summarily by commanders, but in 2007 the Summary Appeal Court of New Zealand was created to hear appeals against those decisions. More serious or complex offences are remanded to the Court Martial, where the accused may be represented by defence counsel. The court consists of three or five military members presided over by a civilian judge. Potential punishments include fines, reduction in rank, detention and imprisonment. Appeals can be made to the Court Martial Appeal Court, and then to the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court.
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New Zealand Defence Force
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