Story: Peacekeeping

Observing in Kashmir, 1954

Observing in Kashmir, 1954

When India and Pakistan became independent in 1947, Kashmir had the choice of joining either. Fighting broke out after the decision to join India was made, and the United Nations became involved in investigating and mediating the dispute. Observers were introduced and, after India and Pakistan signed the Karachi Agreement in 1949, the UN became responsible for monitoring the ceasefire. Major Jack Gascoigne (far right) and another member of the UN Military Observer Group meet with an Indian officer and a Pakistani officer on the ceasefire line near Kotli to discuss a possible infringement of a ceasefire. Major Gascoigne wears New Zealand 'lemon squeezer' headgear – it was not until 1956 that United Nations peacekeepers wore blue berets.

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New Zealand Defence Force
Reference: John Crawford, In the field for peace: New Zealand’s contribution to international peace-support operations, 1950-1995. Wellington: New Zealand Defence Force, 1996, p. 12
Photograph by J. B. Gascgoine

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How to cite this page:

David Capie, 'Peacekeeping - Peacekeeping during the Cold War, 1950s to 1980s', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 23 May 2022)

Story by David Capie, published 20 Jun 2012, updated 10 Jun 2015