Story: Ngā haki – Māori and flags

Rangatiratanga flag flying on harbour bridge

Rangatiratanga flag flying on harbour bridge

The national Māori flag flies over the Auckland Harbour Bridge beside the New Zealand flag. In 1989 this flag, designed by Hiraina Marsden, Jan Dobson and Linda Munn, won a competition run by protest group Te Kawariki to select a national Māori flag. It was unveiled at Waitangi on 6 February 1990 during the 150th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, and became known as the tino rangatiratanga (self-determination) flag. In 1999 someone scaled the flagpole at Waitangi and replaced the New Zealand flag with this flag. In 2007 Transit, the government agency that managed the bridge, refused a request by Māori rights group Te Ata Tino Toa to fly the flag from the Auckland Harbour Bridge on Waitangi Day. However, as a result of consultation during 2009, this flag was selected as the official national Māori flag. In 2010, as well as being flown over the Auckland Harbour Bridge, it was also at Parliament, the Beehive (the building that houses the government’s executive) and the National War Memorial. The Ministry for Culture and Heritage maintains specific protocols on flying the national Māori flag.

Using this item

NZPA Images
Reference: 78146
Photograph by Bradley Ambrose

This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder.

All images & media in this story

How to cite this page:

Malcolm Mullholland, 'Ngā haki – Māori and flags - Flags and protest', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/photograph/35221/rangatiratanga-flag-flying-on-harbour-bridge (accessed 19 October 2019)

Story by Malcolm Mullholland, published 20 Jun 2012