Story: Intelligence services

Coast-watching headquarters at Nukufetau, Ellice Islands, 1941

Coast-watching headquarters at Nukufetau, Ellice Islands, 1941

During the Second World War New Zealand maintained an extensive coast-watching network. The navy had operational control, but coast watchers included civilians and members of all three armed forces. Stations were established throughout New Zealand, including the Chatham Islands and the Kermadecs. They extended south into the sub-antarctic Campbell and Auckland islands, and north to Samoa, Tonga, Fiji, the Cook Islands, Tokelau, Pitcairn and Norfolk islands.

Coast watchers were also placed north of the equator on Fanning Island and on the Gilbert and Ellice Islands (now Kiribati and Tuvalu). Some stations were operated by locals, others by operators sent from New Zealand. On inhabited islands local people provided much of the information on enemy movements. Seventeen New Zealand coast watchers, along with five civilians, were executed on Tarawa (the capital of Gilbert and Ellice Islands) after it was invaded by Japanese forces. Eight of the coast watchers in the Gilbert Islands were made prisoners of war by the Japanese; one died while held prisoner.

Using this item

Manatū Taonga – Ministry for Culture and Heritage, History Group
Reference: D. O. W. Hall, Coastwatchers. Wellington: War History Branch, Department of Internal Affairs, 1951.
Photograph by Donald Leslie Vaughan

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How to cite this page:

Peter Clayworth, 'Intelligence services - Intelligence services, 1800s to 1945', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 21 April 2024)

Story by Peter Clayworth, published 20 Jun 2012