Story: Empire and Commonwealth

Transporting Mau prisoners

Transporting Mau prisoners

In 1920 the League of Nations gave New Zealand control of Western Samoa, formerly a German colony. There was no Samoan involvement in the decision, and the league later refused to hear a petition, signed by 86% of Samoan men, objecting to New Zealand’s administration. New Zealand’s control of Western Samoa, which began in 1914, combined paternalism with incompetence. Samoan customs were belittled and sometimes overridden. Mishandling of the 1918 influenza epidemic resulted in more than 20% of the local population dying. Passive resistance to New Zealand rule by the O le Mau a Samoa, generally known as the Mau, was responded to with force. In a protest in December 1929 at least eight Mau members were shot and died at the scene – including prominent Samoan leader Tupua Tamasese Lealofi III – and an unknown number died later. In this photo New Zealand marines transport Mau prisoners in trucks in 1930.

Western Samoa became independent in 1962, in part because of United Nations pressure on New Zealand. In 2002 New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark formally apologised for ‘the injustices arising from New Zealand’s administration of Samoa in its earlier years’.

Using this item

Alexander Turnbull Library, F. J. Gleeson Collection
Reference: PA1-o-795-12-1
Photograph by Francis Joseph Gleeson

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

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How to cite this page:

W. David McIntyre, 'Empire and Commonwealth - War and empire', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 15 April 2024)

Story by W. David McIntyre, published 20 Jun 2012