Story: Gender diversity

Fuimaono Karl Pulotu-Endemann (2nd of 3)

Fuimaono Karl Pulotu-Endemann

Fuimaono Karl Pulotu-Endemann (centre) is one of New Zealand's best-known and most honoured fa’afafine. He is seen here with fellow Samoan leaders Luamanuvao Winnie Laban and Arthur Anae. Pulotu-Endemann came to live in New Zealand as a small boy and trained as a psychiatric nurse. He later became an independent consultant on Pacific health issues and developed the Fonofale model of Pacific mental health, accepted by the Mental Health and Wellbeing Commission as the standard for treatment. Pulotu-Endemann holds the title Fuimaono, given to a Samoan ali’i (high chief).

Using this item

TVNZ Television New Zealand
Photograph by Stephen Stehlin

This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder.

All images & media in this story

How to cite this page:

Johanna Schmidt, 'Gender diversity - Māori and Pasifika gender identities', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 13 April 2024)

Story by Johanna Schmidt, published 5 May 2011, reviewed & revised 4 May 2021 with assistance from Gender Minorities Aotearoa