Rua Kēnana from Ngāi Tūhoe claimed to be the successor to Te Kooti, the founder of the Ringatū religion. Rua established the City of God community at Maungapōhatu in the Urewera and described himself as Mihāia (the messiah). He opposed Māori volunteering for the First World War. In 1916 charges were laid against him for unlawfully supplying alcohol, and an expedition led by Police Commissioner John Cullen marched to Maungapōhatu and arrested Rua and others. Two supporters were killed in the melee. Here Rua (on foot, beside the horse) is led from Maungapōhatu. Cullen is riding the horse.
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