Story: Cultural go-betweens

Manuel José memorial

Manuel José memorial

Some of the several thousand descendants of the Spanish-born Pākehā–Māori trader Manuel José pose at his memorial at Tīkapa, East Coast. Manuel José had five wives in the years when he lived among East Coast Māori from the  late 1830s. Their descendants are known as 'Paniora' (Spaniards). Several groups of Paniora have made trips to Manuel José's home village of Valverde del Majano in the Spanish province of Segovia.

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Manuel Jose

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How to cite this page:

Mark Derby, 'Cultural go-betweens - Pākehā–Māori', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/photograph/26791/manuel-jose-memorial (accessed 15 November 2018)

Story by Mark Derby, published 5 May 2011, reviewed & revised 22 May 2018