Story: Natural environment

North Island conifer-broadleaf forest

North Island conifer-broadleaf forest

The New Zealand forest is evergreen. A distinctive feature is the thick understorey of shrubs, climbers and ferns. Much of the forest floor is clothed in mosses and lichens. This North Island conifer–broadleaf forest is so named because of the conifers, or podocarps (such as mataī, miro, rimu and tōtara – the taller trees of the canopy), and the broadleaf trees which shelter beneath them. As these forests are generally in the lowlands, many have been cleared for farmland.

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Department of Conservation
Reference: 10048285
Photograph by Fiona Hennessey

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How to cite this page:

Carl Walrond, 'Natural environment - The bush and its plants', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 21 April 2024)

Story by Carl Walrond