Story: Occupational structure

Road builders

Road builders

This gang building roads at the start of the 20th century was typical of the group of occupations called manual labour. They were using simple hand tools – shovels, picks and wheelbarrow – to do work requiring hard physical effort.

Using this item

Alexander Turnbull Library, James McAllister Collection (PAColl-3054)
Reference: 1/2-C-21078
Photograph by James McAllister

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

All images & media in this story

How to cite this page:

Paul Callister and Robert Didham, 'Occupational structure - Defining and measuring occupations', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 12 May 2021)

Story by Paul Callister and Robert Didham, published 11 Mar 2010