Anthrax is a bacterium that can live as spores in the soil for decades or even centuries until ingested by a host. It cannot be spread from human to human. The name anthrax is taken from the Greek word for coal because of the black skin lesions developed by victims after infection. This farmer with anthrax, pictured in 1903, subsequently died from the disease.
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Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand
Reference: Annual report: New Zealand Department of Agriculture (1903)
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