Story: Wetlands

Whangamarino wetland

Whangamarino wetland

Whangamarino wetland (7,100 hectares) contains the second largest peat bog in the North Island. It lies north of Hamilton in a hollow bounded by hills. It formed soon after the Taupō eruption (around 232 CE), when flood material was deposited by the Waikato River near Mercer. It has become much smaller since Europeans arrived. Fires have swept across it, and invasive willows have spread over hundreds of hectares. But it is home to many water birds such as Australasian bitterns and North Island fernbirds. Shrub-sedgelands of mānuka, Baumea and wire rush grow on the peat.

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Department of Conservation
Reference: 10051068

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How to cite this page:

Peter Johnson, 'Wetlands - Types of wetland', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 21 July 2024)

Story by Peter Johnson, published 24 Sep 2007