Story: Fungi

Forest fungus

Forest fungus

Mushrooms and toadstools are the reproductive structures of some types of fungi. Many different types are found in New Zealand’s forests. They are most common in early autumn, after the first rains at the end of a dry summer. Most fungi do not produce mushrooms, and are usually hidden in the ground, or within wood or leaves. Fungi play a vital role in forests as they are the primary decomposers of wood, leaf litter and dead animals. They also form beneficial relationships with the roots of most forest trees.

Using this item

Department of Conservation
Reference: 10057320
Photograph by Katrina Edwards

This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder.

All images & media in this story

How to cite this page:

Peter Buchanan, 'Fungi - What are fungi?', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 14 April 2024)

Story by Peter Buchanan, published 24 Sep 2007