Story: Kāwanatanga – Māori engagement with the state

Land in Māori ownership, 1860

Land in Māori ownership, 1860

This map shows the land remaining in Māori tribal ownership by 1860. Almost all of the South Island had passed out of Māori ownership by this time. The extent of Māori land alienation through sales, leasing and other means greatly concerned many Māori leaders. However, the government remained committed to acquiring more Māori land for European settlement.

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Sources: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives, 1865, G-3; Claudia Orange, Illustrated history of the Treaty of Waitangi. Wellington: Bridget Williams Books, 2004, pp. 318–319

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How to cite this page:

Paul Meredith and Rawinia Higgins, 'Kāwanatanga – Māori engagement with the state - Containing Māori opposition', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 28 September 2023)

Story by Paul Meredith and Rawinia Higgins, published 20 Jun 2012, updated 1 Aug 2016