Story: Estuaries

Vegetation profile

The lowest reaches of an estuary are covered by the sea for all or most of the tidal cycle. Seagrass (at left) is the only plant that can withstand such long immersion in sea water. Mangrove grows further up the shore. Salt meadows, rushes and shore ribbonwood grow on the highest reaches. Beyond the level of tidal influence a coastal vegetation of flax and cabbage tree is common, especially lining the edges of freshwater streams.

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Artwork by Bruce Mahalski

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How to cite this page:

Maggy Wassilieff, 'Estuaries - Plants of the estuary', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/interactive/4623/vegetation-profile (accessed 8 December 2019)

Story by Maggy Wassilieff, published 12 Jun 2006