Story: Australia and New Zealand

New Zealand–Australia trade, 1860–2010

New Zealand–Australia trade, 1860–2010

There have been remarkable ups and downs in trans-Tasman trade, especially in the proportion of New Zealand exports going to Australia. In the mid-1860s over half of New Zealand's trade was with Australia. But as exports to the United Kingdom increased, especially following the introduction of refrigerated shipping, exports to Australia dropped proportionately, and by the 1920s exports to Australia were very small indeed. However, from the mid-1960s there was a continuing rise, aided by the New Zealand Australia Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1965 and Closer Economic Relations (CER) in 1983. Imports showed less variability, but also increased after CER.

Using this item

Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand

This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder.

Source: Statistics New Zealand

All images & media in this story

How to cite this page:

Philippa Mein Smith, 'Australia and New Zealand - Trade relations', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 16 April 2024)

Story by Philippa Mein Smith, published 20 Jun 2012