The leading cause of death during the period 2012–16 was medical conditions (38.8%). This was followed by unintentional injury (27.75%) and intentional injury (25.3%). Sudden unexpected death, either in infancy (SUDI) or in those aged 12–23 months (SUD), accounts for 7.6% of deaths.
The leading cause of death changes with age. For children under 15 years, it is medical conditions; and in those aged 15–24 years, it is intentional injury (suicide and assault) followed by unintentional injury – most frequently fatal road crashes.
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