Pasture production typically peaks in spring, then declines through summer and autumn and reaches a mid-winter low. Hinds’ and fawns’ demand for feed is more constant, although it also reaches a peak in late spring or early summer. The surplus pasture in spring must be converted into hay or silage, to cover the shortage in winter.
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Source: Alistair Nicol, ‘Pastures and forages for deer growth.’ In The nutrition and management of deer on grazing systems, proceedings of a New Zealand Grassland Association (inc) symposium held at Lincoln University, 8–9 November 2002, edited by M. J. Casey. Wellington: New Zealand Grassland Association, 2003, p. 36.