Story: Electoral systems

2011 referendum ballot paper

2011 referendum ballot paper

As in 1992, the ballot paper that was used for the 2011 indicative electoral systems referendum had two parts. Part A asked voters whether they wanted to keep the mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting system or change to another system. Regardless of their vote in Part A, in Part B voters were asked to opt for one of four other voting systems in the event that a decision for change was made. A majority (57.8%) of voters opted to keep MMP. There was a large abstention rate on Part B, with almost one-third of voters failing to indicate a preference. Of those who cast a valid Part B vote, 46.7% chose first-past-the-post.

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Electoral Commission – Te Kaitiaki Take Kōwhiri

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How to cite this page:

Nigel S. Roberts, 'Electoral systems - MMP in practice', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 2 October 2022)

Story by Nigel S. Roberts, published 20 Jun 2012, updated 1 Feb 2015