This article in the Taranaki Herald of 7 November 1900 referred to ‘anarchist’ immigrants on the ship Tokomaru. Among the passengers the Tokomaru was carrying from Britain to New Zealand were a group of ‘Clarion’ settlers, or Clarionettes. These immigrants had been inspired by the writings of William Ranstead in the English socialist newspaper, the Clarion. Ranstead had been so impressed during a visit to New Zealand that he decided to set up a utopian socialist settlement in the colony. Tensions arose on the Tokomaru when one of the Clarion settlers called for ‘three cheers for the revolution’, in response to a group of passengers singing ‘God save the queen’. Several Clarionettes openly declared ‘anarchist and revolutionist sentiments’. The ‘loyal’ passengers then held two ‘indignation meetings’ to protest against ‘the wholesale import of Anarchists, revolutionists, and other bandits’ into New Zealand, where they planned to bring the matter before the government. Captain Maxwell of the Tokomaru later claimed to know nothing about any trouble on board. It is noteworthy that following the assassination of US President William McKinley in September 1901, New Zealand newspapers warned of the danger of ‘foreign’ anarchists coming to New Zealand, but appear to have seen no threat from the Clarion settlers.
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Reference: Taranaki Herald, 7 November 1900, p. 2
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