Story: Golf

Golf course features

Golf course features

This diagram shows the main features common to golf courses:

  • tee – the area where golfers begin to play each hole (a tee is a small movable stand for positioning the ball before hitting with the club – a 'stroke') 
  • fairway – a larger area of mown grass, providing a consistent bounce and direction for the ball after it is struck
  • green – area of closely mown grass at the opposite end of the fairway from the tee. A ball lying on the green is played with a special small-faced club called a putter
  • rough – an area of longer grass surrounding the fairway. Players aim to keep their balls from entering this area
  • water hazard – a body of water designed to make the hole more difficult
  • bunker – a depression or pit of sand, usually close to the fairway. It is an obstacle designed to make the hole more difficult 
  • pin/hole – stick with a flag attached indicating the location of the hole within the green. The ball is struck to land in the hole, which has a cup inside to allow easy removal of the ball.

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How to cite this page:

Garry Ahern, 'Golf - Origins of New Zealand golf', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 4 July 2022)

Story by Garry Ahern, published 5 Sep 2013, updated 1 Sep 2016