Story: Rural workers

Hierarchy of staff

This hierarchy is typical of a mixed crop and livestock South Island estate running a large sheep flock, around the 1860s.

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Adapted from: John E. Martin, The forgotten worker: the rural wage earner in nineteenth-century New Zealand. Wellington: Allen & Unwin/Trade Union History Project, 1990, p. 99

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How to cite this page:

Carl Walrond, 'Rural workers - Large sheep runs', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 3 June 2023)

Story by Carl Walrond, published 24 Nov 2008