Story: Native plants and animals – overview

Conifer–broadleaf forest

Conifer–broadleaf forest

Conifer–broadleaf forest has five main layers. The floor holds a dense layer of ferns, seedlings and other ground plants. Growing close to this layer are the shrubs. Then there are the subcanopy trees and tree ferns. Above these shade-tolerant plants there is a closed roof or canopy of tall trees, which blocks out most of the light. Finally, rising through the canopy are the emergent trees.

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How to cite this page:

Bob Brockie, 'Native plants and animals – overview - Plants and fungi', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 22 September 2021)

Story by Bob Brockie, published 24 Sep 2007