Dictionary of New Zealand Bography logo

Story: Seamer, Arthur John

Page 1: Biography

Seamer, Arthur John

1878–1963

Salvation Army missionary, Methodist minister

This biography, written by Ruawai D. Rakena, was first published in the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography in 1998.

Arthur John Seamer was born in Tongala, Victoria, Australia, on 10 June 1878, the fourth child of William Seamer, a farmer, and his wife, Jane Matilda Townley. His father had worked on goldfields in California and Central Otago before settling in Australia. Arthur was just two when his father died, and the boy's childhood and teenage years were marked by the family's struggle to stay together and survive.

How much, if any, formal education Seamer received is unknown, but he apparently gained the opportunity to study when he was sent to stay with an aunt and uncle in Melbourne. His uncle was a Methodist local preacher, and his example influenced Arthur in his choice of profession. About 1896 the Salvation Army launched an appeal for missionaries to serve in Borneo or Java. Seamer applied, but because of his age was sent instead to New Zealand, in 1897. After training at Gisborne he worked among Māori in Taranaki and in the Urewera and Taupō districts, where he learned to speak Māori fluently. In 1899 his superiors were transferred to Melbourne and replaced by an Irishman who could not speak Māori and knew little about New Zealand. The consequent lack of progress in the Māori mission frustrated Seamer and other missionaries and they responded favourably to overtures from the Methodists. Seamer later said, 'I resigned and applied one week, and took up my appointment the next!' In 1901 he formally commenced service as a home missionary in Whangaroa.

In 1903 Seamer agreed to become a candidate for the ordained ministry. He served as a probationary minister at Springston in North Canterbury and in Rotorua before joining the Auckland Māori mission in 1905; its circuit comprised North Auckland, Auckland, Waikato and the King Country. He was ordained in 1907, and returned to the Whangaroa–Kaeo mission station. On 6 May 1907 he married Ida Marion Nisbet at Auckland; they were to have three children, one of whom died in infancy. His service with the Māori mission was interrupted by appointments to Petone (1909–11) and, for two years, Dunedin. He also served two terms as president of the New Zealand Young Men's Methodist Bible Class Union.

Seamer enlisted for military service in August 1915. A gastric ulcer caused him to return to New Zealand, but he re-enlisted, as a chaplain, in August 1916. In May 1918 he sustained an inner-ear injury from an exploding shell. It was to cause him constant pain and physical discomfort for the remainder of his life; head noises and sudden blackouts were regular. He was also diagnosed as suffering from shell-shock and neurasthenia, and after a period in hospital he returned to New Zealand in August.

Although not discharged from the army until May 1919, Seamer served as a minister in Addington in 1918. The following year, the Methodist conference returned him to Auckland and the Māori mission. In November he was admitted to Queen Mary Military Hospital, Hanmer Springs, with a recurrence of neurasthenia. He was released in February 1920 and in April assumed the position of general superintendent of the Māori mission, to which he had been appointed the previous year. In September that year he was devastated by the death of his wife from tuberculosis, and was to feel the loss and loneliness keenly for the rest of his life. In 1924 he became general superintendent of both home and Māori missions, to which he was to give outstanding service during a difficult period.

The post-war period saw the rise in the Rangitikei district of the prophet and healer Tahupōtiki Wiremu Rātana. Seamer adopted a 'carefully considered policy' of silence on theological differences so as not to alienate the movement from Christianity. Methodist agents worked quietly to maintain Christian orthodoxy and became apostles when the Rātana Church of New Zealand was registered in 1925. As the movement developed, Seamer became an important adviser to Rātana, who, as a Methodist, looked to the church for guidance. In 1924 Seamer opposed the formation of a breakaway church led by Ōtene Pāora; he later helped the Rātana church to formulate its creed. Seamer maintained a close friendship with Rātana, and his commitment to young people and their education resulted in the establishment of a school at Rātana pā serviced by Methodist lay teachers and deaconesses. He is commemorated in the town's Seamer Street.

From the late 1920s economic recession brought declining support for Methodist mission work as well as demoralisation of Māori communities. Seamer responded by utilising the Waiata Māori Choir. Formed in the mid 1920s around a handful of people who simply enjoyed singing, it grew under his tuition and discipline to become a highly trained, devoted and professional young Māori group. During the 1930s the choir travelled throughout the country, helping to raise morale among Māori and funds for the mission. Under Seamer's direction the choir toured Australia in 1933, 1935 and 1937. In 1937–38 it visited Great Britain, the climax of the tour being a command performance at Buckingham Palace. It also made a recording of much of its repertoire.

In 1933 Seamer was inducted as president of the Methodist Church of New Zealand. Despite ill health and the extra pressure of this position, his year of presidency was characterised by strong leadership and statesmanship. Nevertheless, the combination of national church responsibilities and physical strains were taking their toll, and in 1939 Seamer retired from his position as general superintendent of home and Māori missions and moved to Drury.

Seamer's unusual tolerance for the beliefs of others earned him the trust of Māori, to whom he was known as Te Himoa, or Te Hiima. His influence among Māori was soon again in demand by the church. In 1943 he moved to Hamilton as acting superintendent of the Waikato Māori circuit. He worked quietly alongside the reintroduced Pai Mārire rituals without provoking resistance.

Seamer gradually became a close adviser to Te Puea. In the 1920s he had attempted to unite all Māori religious and political movements in a lobby group that would use the Pākehā system for their own gain; this had foundered because of Te Puea's opposition to Rātana. Now Seamer persuaded Te Puea to assist with the effort to keep alcohol out of the King Country, and encouraged her to establish a health clinic at Tūrangawaewae. He also became involved in the education of King Korokī's daughter Piki (later Queen Te Atairangikaahu). After Te Puea had suffered what was to be a fatal heart attack in 1952, she asked for Seamer and his colleague, Sister Heeni Wharemaru, to be at her side.

A concern for young Māori moving into the city for work or education resulted in the establishment of Te Rahui hostels in Hamilton: one for young women in Bryce Street, and one for young men in London Street. The name was suggested by Te Puea. In 1949 Seamer was made a CMG in recognition of his services to Māori and the community in general. He continued to give advice to a steady flow of influential people – including politicians – who came to see him at the men's hostel, Te Rahui Tane. He was cared for there by loyal Methodist Māori mission staff, in particular Heeni Wharemaru. Seamer died at Hamilton on 17 September 1963, survived by his son and daughter.

How to cite this page:

Ruawai D. Rakena. 'Seamer, Arthur John', Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, first published in 1998. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/4s18/seamer-arthur-john (accessed 20 May 2022)