In this 1853 painting, ‘A native council of war’, artist John Gilfillan attempts to depict a formal gathering of what could be several iwi (tribes). Those present listen attentively to the speakers, one of whom uses a taiaha (spear) to emphasise his words.
Using this item
Hocken Library, University of Otago
Oil painting by John Gilfillan
Permission of the Hocken Library Uare Taoka o Hakena, University of Otago, must be obtained before any re-use of this image. Further information may be obtained from the Library through its website.