Story: Economy and the environment

Kauri spars (1st of 2)

Kauri spars

Charles Heaphy’s December 1839 painting shows a timber yard at Kohukohu, on the Hokianga Harbour. The ships are the Bolina (left) and Francis Spaight. A rowboat is hauling a raft of kauri spars to the ships. Kauri spars, used for ships’ masts, were one of New Zealand’s earliest exports.

Using this item

Alexander Turnbull Library
Reference: C-025-020
Watercolour by Charles Heaphy

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

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How to cite this page:

Eric Pawson, 'Economy and the environment - An economy based on the environment', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 11 December 2023)

Story by Eric Pawson, published 11 Mar 2010