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Browse the 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand
Graphic: An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966.


This information was published in 1966 in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock. It has not been corrected and will not be updated.

Up-to-date information can be found elsewhere in Te Ara.



Extension of Limits

In recent years, due mainly to the activity of Japanese fishing vessels around New Zealand coasts, the Government was urged to increase the area of sea within which only New Zealand registered or New Zealand based vessels would be permitted to operate. These representations were acted upon in the session of 1965 when a Bill was introduced into Parliament defining the limits of New Zealand's 3-mile territorial sea in accordance with the rules laid down in the 1958 Geneva Convention, and providing for the establishment of a further 9-mile exclusive fishing zone for the use of the domestic industry.

Blue cod Parapercis colias
Eels (short finned) Anguilla australis
Eels (long finned) Anguilla dieffenbachii
Elephant fish Callorhynchus milii
Flounder (dab) Rhombosolea plebeia
,, (yellowbelly) Rhombosolea leporina
,, (black) Rhombosolea retiaria
,, (greenback) Rhombosolea tapirina
Gurnard Trigla kumu
Hapuku (groper) Polyprion oxygeneios
Snapper Chrysophrys auratus
Sole (lemon) Pelotretis flavilatus
,, (English) Peltorhamphus novaezealandiae
Tarakihi Cheilodactylus macropterus
Trevally Caranx lutescens
Whitebait Galaxias attennuatus
Oyster (rock) Saxostrea glomerata
,, (dredged) Ostrea sinuata
Mussel Mytilus canaliculus
Toheroa Amphidesma ventricosum
Crayfish (spiny) Jasus lalandii
,, (green) Jasus verreauxi
Paua Haliotis iris.

by Brian Turnbull Cunningham, B.SC., Senior Fishery Officer, Marine Department, Wellington.